Individual psychotherapy is sought after by a person when he is concerned with an important issue of his personal life. The sessions are not limited to one, but concern a series of meetings depending on the request of the interested party. A typical session lasts 50 minutes.
What is cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy?
Cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy developed in the late 1950s as a necessity for a new psychotherapeutic model. Until then, the dominant therapeutic models were the psychoanalytic and behavioral model. Developed by Dr. Aaron T. Beck, it is a form of psychotherapy in which the therapist and patient work together as a team to identify and solve problems. Collaboration between therapist and patient is important.
Cognitive-Behavioral Psychotherapy consists of two terms.
The term ‘cognitive’ refers to the thoughts, beliefs and perceptions that a person has developed during their lifetime. The way one experiences tantrums is directly influenced by one’s thoughts. The Acquired had said that “man is not disturbed by things, but by his ideas about them.” So it is not all these facts that play the decisive role, but our translations of them.
The term ‘behavioral’ refers to the association of a behavior with various life situations. Its basic principle is that every behavior is learned. For example, if someone has suffered a stress crisis in the subway, they are more likely to start avoiding it for fear of repeating this negative experience. The more a person avoids the subway, the more a record will be made that will link the subway to a high risk of future panic attacks and its avoidance. This is a learned behavior.
Based on the above, cognitive, behavioral psychotherapy focuses on how the translations that people make of various events can affect their emotion and as a result their behavior. Cognitive-behavioral therapy uses a series of techniques and strategies aimed at reframing the way in which various events are experienced and the best way to manage them. In order for a person to overcome his fears (eg panic attacks) he will need to be exposed to stressful situations as well as to explore the way he thinks and analyzes these conditions.
Video: Judith Beck Defining Cognitive Therapy
CBT Cognitive - Behavioral Psychotherapy
Cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy has been successfully applied to a wide range of disorders such as depression, panic attacks, social phobia, obsessive-compulsive disorder, eating disorders, substance abuse.
Unlike other forms of psychotherapy, it is usually concentrated in the present, lasts a relatively limited period of time and focuses primarily on problem solving in the here and now. If the current problems are related to the difficulties of the past, then reference is made to the past to find the correlations.
Each session of cognitive-behavioral therapy lasts 50 minutes. Unlike other forms of psychotherapy it is structured and the patient brings with him each time to the session, experiences and findings, which he made from the last meeting. The therapist and the client set an agenda for each session.